What is overpronation of the foot?

Overpronation, or simply pronation, occurs when there is an excessive inward roll of the foot, especially after landing and during pushoff in the running or walking stride. Sometimes you can tell if you’re pronating by looking at the pattern of wear on the bottom of a pair of shoes – if the side of the sole along the interior (big toe) side of your foot shows more wear than the exterior (pinkie toe) side, you are probably overpronating. The overpronating foot “pushes off” during the stride using the big and second toes, rather than all five. The issue is one of shock weight distribution: when weight isn’t distributed evenly across the foot, the shock of the stride isn’t absorbed well and ankle alignment problems and resultant pain can arise. 

Insoles for Overpronation

The best thing you can do to combat overpronation is to find the right orthotics for pronation for your own foot. There is no known cause or reason for overpronation, and there are also conflicting schools of thought about whether it’s a high arch or a low arch that tends to suffer more from overpronation. This is both good and bad news, because while there isn’t one specific answer to pinpoint a solution for overpronation, there is also the opportunity to try a wide range of products, meaning there’s a big variety of potential solutions. 

Finding the Best Insoles for Overpronation

There are a few things to take into consideration when looking for the best insoles for overpronation, according to your own feet. You’ll need to find the right amount of arch support, the type of heel pocket or shape that is right for your foot, the type of cushioning you want (or not), and the metatarsal support (or lack thereof) that is best for you. While these seem like a lot of factors that can be combined in a huge range of products, it really isn’t difficult to find the best orthotics for overpronation for you. Your main consideration should be finding the right amount of arch support, and the rest of the factors will fall into place from there. We recommend finding an insole that works for casual/everyday use before experimenting with inserts during high-impact activity, so that you can ease into the process and get a good read on what’s working and what isn’t before testing at high impact and risking some serious discomfort. 

At Insoles and Beyond, we offer a wide range of orthotics for pronation, and we’ve featured a few of our favorites on this page. Most of these recommendations have a medium arch support, which should give you a good point of reference to start out. If you have any questions about these or any other insoles, don’t hesitate to contact us. We’re here to help!